Commonly Used Terms

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A

ACOUSTIC NEUROMA:  A serious but nonmalignant tumor that develops on the sheath of the inner ear's vestibule-cochlear nerve.

B

BPPV:  Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo.  Common vestibular disorder that causes vertigo, dizziness and other symptoms.  The condition is often due to "debris" that has collected within a part of the inner ear.  see otoconia below.

C

CHOLESTEATOMA:  A skin growth that occurs abnormally in the middle ear behind the eardrum.  This is typically caused by repeated infections.

CRP:  Canalith Repositioning Procedures used to treat people with BPPV (see above) by moving particles or otoliths trapped int eh posterior semicular canals in the inner ear causing dizziness.  CRP involves a series of head and upper body movements performed by a trained health professional.

D

DHI:  Dizziness Handicap Inventory

E

EVAS:  Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome.  

F

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G

GAZE STABILIZATION EXERCISES:  Exercises aimed at improving vision and the ability to focus on a stationary object while the head is moving.

H

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I

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J

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K

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L

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M

MAV:  Migrane-Associated Vertigo.  

N

NEUROTOXICITY:  Poisoning (due to lead, anti-malarial drugs such as mefloquine...) of brain neurons that help control balance.

O

OTOCONIA:  Small crystals of calcium carbonate that collect and build up in the inner ear - (sometimes referred to as "ear rocks").

OTOSCLEROSIS:  Abnormal growth of bone of the inner ear.

OTOTOXICITY:  "Ear Poisoning" due to exposure to drugs and/or chemicals that damage the inner ear or vestibule-chochlear nerve.

P

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Q/R

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T

TIA:  Transient Ischemic Attacks

TINNITUS:  Ringing, hissing, whistling, buzzing or clicking in the ears.  The pitch can vary from a low roar to a high squeal.

U/V

VEDA:  Vestibular Disorders Association

VERTIGO:  Spinning sensation.

VESTIBULAR:  

VESTIBULAR-COCHLEAR NERVE:  Often referred to as the acoustic nerve.  The nerve which transmits both balance and sound information to the brain.

VOR:  Vestibule-Ocular Reflex.

VRT:  Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy 

W

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XYZ

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